What is Industry 4.0? How did it come about and how does it impact the labor market?

What is Industry 4.0? How did it come about and how does it impact the labor market?

What is Industry 4.0?

                Connecting more products to the Internet, the presence of sensors, the expansion of wireless communications, the development of robots and intelligent machines, real-time data analysis have the potential to transform the way production is carried out. Connecting the physical world with the virtual world, in cyber-physical systems will have a disruptive impact on manufacturing processes and especially people. In short, this revolution incorporates smart, interconnected technologies, transcending the framework of organizations and interfering with our daily lives.

Industry 4.0 represents the new wave in the technological evolution of production, which aims to transform production units into "smart factories", to meet the new standards set by a market in constant change.

The transition to Industry 4.0 is made through:

  • Automation
  • Digitization
  • Computerization
  • Mobility

From an economic point of view, Industry 4.0 represents a chance for relaunch, re-engineering of production and evolution of business models for services and products.

From a political and social point of view, through the introduction of the Industry 4.0 concept, the aim was to reindustrialize Europe, to current standards, for a sustainable development. After two decades in which production was transferred to Asia and only one in 10 companies in the EU was manufacturing, the European Commission has drawn up a plan called "European Industrial Renaissance", consisting in the development of an industry that launches faster products, increase flexibility and increase the efficiency of the use of resources through

How did Industry 4.0 come about?

Industry 4.0 has emerged as a necessity for the efficiency of production processes.

The expression "Fourth industrial revolution" was first used by Klaus Schwab (executive chairman of the World Economic Forum) in 2015 in an article published in Foreign Affairs. The term Industry 4.0 (Industry 4.0) first appeared in 2011, through a strategic initiative of the German government and is characterized by a fusion of technologies that blur the lines between the physical, digital and biological spheres. In April 2013, the term "Industry 4.0" appeared again at an industrial fair in Hannover, Germany , and quickly became Germany's national strategy.

Later this concept was taken over by the whole of Europe, after which it was adopted globally. In America, the concept was called "Smart Manufacturing", in China it is called "Made in China 2025", and in Japan "Innovation 25". But they all aim for the same thing, which is to develop an industry that launches products faster, increases flexibility and increases the efficiency of the use of resources through

The labor market in Industry4.0

Industry 4.0 will transform global economies, jobs and by default society. Each industrial revolution brought major changes to the labor market. Certainly, the skills required in "smart factories" will be different from those of today. Most likely, many of the activities carried out today: servicing production machines, precision positioning, assembly, quality inspection will be carried out automatically, with the help of machines or robots, which are not only more efficient, but also communicate perfectly with the systems of decision and control.

There is a risk that society will face massive unemployment for certain categories of employees and especially the lack of staff with digital skills. People with digital skills will be included in the transformation and those less trained will not find jobs in the new context. This aspect is very important and probably the most difficult to solve. New technologies appear at an accelerated pace, and the educational system changes much more slowly, which is why it is imperative for business people to be aware and give major importance to this aspect.

At this moment, companies around the world are looking for solutions to lessen the impact of labor shortages, and one way to combat this is automation. Total Technologies is also part of these companies. For us, the dynamics of the workforce is a constant concern, we always try to look for solutions that help people at work, make their jobs easier and above all give them the opportunity to develop. All the solutions and equipment we sell do this.

Don't hesitate to ask for a consultation to find out exactly what technology is right for your business, how you can implement it and how it can help you overcome the challenges your business is facing. We have a team of professionals who can help you take your business to the next level.